Food is essential for survival. That said, eat what you get? But this is not right. There is also a special art in eating the right food wisely. Those who know and believe it also live with health. In particular, there are some diseases that cannot be treated as normal as others. The first of which is kidney problems. In this case the right diet works like therapy. Nutrition plays a role not only in disease prevention but also in early warning.However, what one eats and what not to eat depends on the stage of kidney disease. More..
1. Avoid salt first:
Even if the kidney disease is in the initial stage, stop eating raw salt first. Many people think that eating rock salt or sandhak salt instead of salt may reduce the damage. But it is not at all. Raw salt of any kind can be fatal for kidney patients. Compounding the problem are fast food or processed foods, pickles, pickles etc. that are high in salt or sodium, which are not good for the kidneys at all.
Also, the amount of rice will depend on whether you need to lose weight or have diabetes. If the patient of chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 1 and 2 does not have diabetes, then we advise him to follow a healthy diet without restricting anything.
2. Eat potassium wisely:
Potassium in food is needed for many things in the body. However, people with high blood pressure and kidney problems need to control potassium. Because the kidney is the main way to get potassium out of the body. Whenever the kidneys fail, potassium can no longer be filtered. Then it started growing in the body. There are some drugs that are very beneficial in kidney disease, but those drugs increase potassium levels in the body. But that medicine is very necessary.
So kidney patients are asked to eat a potassium controlled diet when the drug is started. It balances the potassium level to some extent. To control potassium, regular vegetables should be washed twice in boiling water for 10 minutes and then cooked. It releases potassium. No pressure on the kidneys.
3. Enemy is Kamranga and calcium tablets:
All the metals and non-metals in the body are filtered through the kidneys. If this balance is disturbed, the tendency of kidney stones can increase. Basically calcium and uric acid are one of the components of stone deposits. Calcium oxalate mixes with crystals and accumulates. It accumulates in the form of small stones in the mouth of the urinary tract and blocks the passage. Eating foods that are sources of calcium, such as milk or dairy products, usually doesn’t hurt.
But instead, handfuls of tablets to compensate for vitamin C, D or calcium deficiency increase the problem of stones. Another dangerous thing for kidneys is kamaranga. This results in high oxalates. As a result, if it is consumed in excess, the mouth of the urinary tract may be blocked by accumulation of stones. Because of this, the creatinine level increases. Besides, consuming Radmit increases uric acid. All these indirectly lead to kidney stone problems. Processed cheese or pizza is also unhealthy for the kidneys.
4. Protein is not a complete exclusion in patients with advanced CKD:
Stage 3 to stage 5 of CKD in kidney disease, before starting dialysis, we call advanced CKD. Many people think that kidney disease means that protein should be eliminated. It is time to change this idea. Stopping protein completely will not meet the daily loss of the body, but will decrease immunity and motivation to work. Animal protein should be eaten, but in limited amounts, excluding some. If you are a vegetarian, you should eat fish, egg whites and chicken 1-2 days a week.
A small amount of dairy protein ie milk, chickpeas or curd should be consumed. Vegetarians can get protein from dairy and soy foods. However, pulses, mutton, pork or beef will be prohibited for non-vegetarians. A normal protein intake would be 0.6 to 0.8 grams per kilogram of body weight.
5. A small amount of fat:
When bad fats enter the body through food, it creates problems. But there are also some good fats that we need to stay healthy. However, dalda, fat, butter, margarine cannot be kept in the diet. But small amount of sunflower oil, vegetable oil can be used in cooking. But avoid frying in oil.
6. What Eat and don’t eat:
The first medicine or antidote for stone problems is water. Drinking plenty of water is necessary to maintain normal creatinine levels and prevent kidney stones. Among vegetables, beets, spinach, potatoes, avocados, bananas have high levels of oxalates. Instead you can eat apple, guava, pear, watermelon, ripe papaya, jamrul. But it should also be remembered, some kidney problems cannot drink excess water.
Salt and water intake needs to be controlled, especially if dialysis is going on. Also, during dialysis, the patient’s diet needs to be high in protein. But the ratemeet will not work. Some dairy foods can go with fish, eggs and chicken.
N.B: it is better that contact to kidney sepcealist.