High blood pressure is a common disease but can have seriousness if not controlled. Even sudden death is not uncommon. Chronic high blood pressure affects many vital organs in the body, being the most common cause of heart attack, stroke and kidney disease.More...
High blood pressure can be controlled by following lifestyle changes:
1. Lose excess weight. Being overweight increases the chances of progressing high blood pressure.
2. Quit smoking. Tobacco damages the walls of blood vessels and hardens the arteries. Makes it difficult to control your blood pressure.
3. It is necessary to have a controlled diet, which helps to reduce high blood pressure. Eat green vegetables, fruits, whole grains, fish, poultry, nuts and beans. High-potassium foods such as avocados, bananas, dried fruits, tomatoes, and black beans are a must. However, excessive quantities of sugary drinks, sweets, fatty meats and dairy products are very dangerous.
4. In case of high blood pressure problem, the quantities of sodium in the diet should be kept less than 1500 mg per day. Even for healthy adults, sodium intake should not exceed 2300 milligrams (about 1 teaspoon of salt) per day. Also, many processed foods contain large quantities of salt. For instance, processed tomato sauces, condiments, and soups have salt content that is 75% more than the daily recommended intake for the average people. The label on the back of the food, where sodium is indicated as salt, should be examined to determine how much is being consumed. Instead, the flavor of food can be improved by using spices and herbs..
5. Regular aerobic exercise. Minimum 30-minute walk several days a week. Yoga, biking or swimming can be done.
6. It is important to keep your weight according to your age and height. If overweight or obese, losing just 5 pounds can keep blood pressure under control.
7. Keeping alcohol consumption under control. Consuming excess alcohol can cause various physical problems.
8. Reduce stress. This can include talking to a doctor, learning meditation, controlling anger and getting regular body massages.
There are many causes of high blood pressure. The various risk factors are:
B. Being overweight or obese.
C. Lack of physical activity.
D. Too much salt in food.
E. Excessive alcohol consumption
High blood pressure has become one of the most common lifestyle diseases in the current century. One in three adults in India has high blood pressure and most sufferers are unaware of it. Compared to earlier, life has gotten a lot simpler. Sitting for long periods of time, lethargy, bad eating habits, excessive stress and lack of physical activity are pushing people towards this epidemic.
There are two stages of high blood pressure. Primary and Secondary. Primarily uncontrolled lifestyle and genetic factors can lead to high blood pressure problem. Secondary high blood pressure can also be caused by various chronic diseases including kidney problems.
High blood pressure can lead to kidney disease, diabetes, Insomnia, hormonal problems, connective tissue disorders, and especially heart disease.
Birth control pills, steroids, some painkillers, some herbal medicines especially those containing liqueur ice, recreational drugs such as cocaine, amphetamines and anti-depressants can also raise blood pressure.
Major Symptoms of high blood pressure:
* Shortness of breath.
* Bleeding from the nose.
However, these symptoms may not be seen in all cases. They usually don’t occur until the high blood pressure reaches severe or life-threatening levels.
Excessive pressure on artery walls due to high blood pressure can damage blood arteries and body organs. The higher the blood pressure and the longer it is uncontrolled, the more dangerous it is.
Uncontrolled high blood pressure can cause a number of difficulties:
a) Aneurysm. Increased blood pressure can weaken a blood arteries. A blood arteries can swell and form an aneurysm. If the aneurysm ruptures, it can be life-threatening.
b) Heart failure. High blood pressure causes the heart to work tough to pump blood. Strain thickens the walls of the heart’s pumping chambers. This condition is called left ventricular hypertrophy. Eventually, the heart cannot pump enough blood to send the body’s needs, leading to heart failure.
c) Kidney problems. High blood pressure can cause the blood arteries in the kidneys to weaken. It can cause kidney damage.
d) Eye problems, increased blood pressure can cause the blood arteries in the eye to thicken. This can lead to vision loss.
e) Metabolic syndrome. This pattern is one of the most common metabolic disorders in the body. It causes irregularity of sugar or glucose in the body. This results in increased waist size, increased triglycerides, lower high-density lipoprotein (HDL or good) cholesterol, and increased blood pressure and blood sugar levels. In this case there is a possibility of diabetes, stroke and heart disease.
f) Affects thinking, remembering. Uncontrolled high blood pressure can affect the ability to think, remember and learn.
g) Blocked arteries can limit blood flow to the brain. This can lead to a specific type of dementia called vascular dementia. Strokes that block blood flow to the brain can also cause vascular insanity.
h) Heart attack or stroke. Hardening of the arteries and thickening of the blood due to high blood pressure or other factors can lead to heart attack, stroke or other complications.
Lifestyle changes are essential to control high blood pressure, and are usually the first step in managing high blood pressure. As cardiovascular disease risk factors are estimate in people with hypertension, focus on lifestyle choices that nicely affect BP levels and reduce overall cardiovascular disease risk.
To control high blood pressure, everyone should be encouraged to make lifestyle changes. Like eating healthy, quitting smoking, exercising, take the right medicine after consalt Doctor. Read Hydretion
N.B: If you are not satisfied then contact to sepcealist doctor.